When you search Bougainville in a web browser, the first thing you access would probably be photos of the beautiful island, and then the words like armed conflict, civil war, independence, peace agreement, or referendum appear. The Autonomous Region of Bougainville in the Solomon Sea, southwestern Pacific, has a population of about 230,000 people.
Between 1988 and 1998, the Bougainville Civil War has taken thousands of lives. A multinational Peace Monitoring Group (PMG) led by Australia was deployed and Papua New Guinea signed a peace agreement with Bougainville.
Today, Bougainville is now due to having a referendum on whether to become independent next year.
Although it seems that we have unlimited access to information, we still have to perform a meticulous exploration in order to find the ‘right’ information, recognise fake news and must read different perspectives. Therefore, ICO Research Centre has collected the research and discussions on Bougainville for your consideration*:
|Edited by Anthony J Regan And Helga M Griffin||Bougainville|
Before The Conflict
|Pandanus Books, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies,|
The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 Australia
|Book||2005||Link - Open Access|
|Anthony J. Regan||Bougainville:|
Large-scale Mining and
Risks of Conflict Recurrence
|Australian National University||Journal article||2014||Link - Open Access|
|Sinclair Dinnen |
|A Kind of Mending|
Restorative Justice in the Pacific Islands
|Australian National University Press||Book||2010||Link - Open Access|
|Anthony Hooper||Culture and Sustainable Development in the Pacific||Australian National University Press||Journal Article||2005||Link- Open Access|
|Anthony J. Regan in Sinclair Dinnen, Roy May and Anthony Regan (eds), Challenging the State: the Sandline Affair in Papua New Guinea||Preparation Forward And Progress|
Dimensions Of The Sandline Affair
|The Australian National University|
|Book||1997||Link- Open Access|
|Jack Linnett||Grievances in Bougainville: Analysing the|
Impact of Natural Resources in Conflict
|Polis Journal||Journal Article||2009||Link - Open Access|
|Jo Woodbury||The Bougainville Independence Referendum:|
Assessing The Risks And Challenges Before,
During And After The Referendum
|The Centre for Defence and Strategic Studies Australian Defence College||Journal Article||2015||Link - Open Access|
|Yaw Saffu||The Bougainville Crisis and Politics|
in Papua New Guinea
|University of Hawaii Press||Journal Article||1992||Link - Open Access|
|Helen Hakena, Peter Ninnes, Bert A. Jenkins. (Editors)||Ngo’s And Post Conflict Recovery: The Leitana Nehan Women's Development Agency, Bougainville||Australia National University Press||Book||2006||Link - Open Access|
|Michael Cornish||The Bougainville conflict: A classic outcome of the resource-curse effect?||Online Forum for Informed Debate and Peace Journalism||2010||Link - Open Access|
*These are the views of the authors and do not represent the views of International Communities Organisation
* The collection of literature is conducted by ICO Project Worker, Gabriel Okereafor (LLM Human Rights, University of East London).
Do you think there are more to read regarding the case of Bougainville? Please email us your recommended literature including news and reports.
Do you want to contribute the research on Bougainville and self-determination? Feel free to e-mail your ideas and blog posts to firstname.lastname@example.org